Shaykh Abu al-Aswad ad-Du’ali (r.a.)
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Shaykh Abu al-Aswad ad-Du’ali (r.a.), 603-688 CE, was a close companion of ‘Ali ibn Abi Thalib (k.w.). He was a grammarian and a poet. He was the first to place dots, ashkal, on the Arabic letters and the first to write on Arabic linguistics. It has been said that Shaykh Abu al-Aswad ad-Du’ali (r.a.) was the first grammarian of the Arabic language.
Imam Abu al-Faraj Muhammad ibn Ishaq an-Nadim (r.a.), author of Kitab al-Fihrist said, “Most scholars agree that grammar was taken from Abu al-Aswad ad-Du’ali, and that he took it from the Khalifah, ‘Ali.”
This is also the opinion of the famous language specialist, Shaykh Abu ‘Ubaydah (r.a.). The lexicographer, Imam al-Zubaydi (r.a.) said about Shaykh Abu al-Aswad (r.a.), “He was the first to establish the science of the Arabic language, to lay down its methods and to establish its rules.”[read]